Whether they are 25 or 35 years old, the dream of every couple in the short or long term is to have one or more healthy children. Some couples find that it is too early to plan for a child in the first year of their marriage; they carry their demands for children into later periods of their marriage. Others carry their babies in their arms when they celebrate the first year of marriage. Couples who put off having a baby for later years sometimes have a hard time achieving these wishes due to potential health issues. When this happens, it begins a very stressful and stressful process for couples. Because not being able to have a baby naturally can mean going through many medical exams, doing many tests and not being able to get pregnant despite applying some treatment systems. However, there is now an in vitro fertilization treatment for these cases. IVF treatment has become a very important and valuable beacon of hope for couples who cannot have a baby naturally.
In today’s contemporary societies, having a baby naturally is no longer a normal and ordinary situation. Because about 15% of couples of reproductive age cannot have a baby naturally today. While some of these couples are able to achieve pregnancy with reproductive treatments such as ovulation therapy and vaccination, IVF is the talk of the town as the only cure and the most successful method for many.
Under current conditions, modern medicine offers many opportunities for those who want to have children. IVF treatment is also an assisted reproduction procedure applied in this direction and with the most successful results. This method, which is a treatment process that ensures fertilization by taking the eggs, which are female reproductive cells, and the sperm, which are male reproductive cells, out of the body in a laboratory environment, makes women’s dreams come true. couples who want to have a baby. .
What is a test tube baby?
In vitro fertilization treatment is applied to couples who cannot have a baby naturally for an average of 40 years throughout the world, and in this way it is possible to achieve pregnancy. IVF; It has been a beacon of hope for couples who cannot have a baby naturally due to causes or reasons derived from the woman, the man or both.
Namely; In vitro fertilization is the process by which couples who have one or more reproductive cells, that is, who are already of reproductive age, can achieve pregnancy through fertilization in a laboratory environment, not naturally.
Fertilization is carried out in the laboratory in the presence of experts using the existing reproductive cells of the mother and future father, and the embryo consisting of this fertilized egg is placed in the uterus of the future mother through a medical procedure. processes and pregnancy is carried out in a controlled manner. In fact, with IVF treatment, the natural process in which the tubes are involved in pregnancy is ruled out, this natural process is carried out under the supervision of experts.
How is IVF treatment done?
For IVF treatment, first of all, couples are required to have proven pregnancy naturally for a certain period of time. It is recommended to talk about in vitro fertilization if those under 35 years of age have experienced unprotected sexual interest for approximately 1 year, and those over 35 years of age, for an average of 6 months, and still do not achieve pregnancy. What is meant here is “regular intercourse”, unprotected intercourse 2-3 times a week or once every 2 days. Because it may be more difficult to get pregnant in case of infrequent sexual interest once a week or very often every day. Because when it is very rare, it may be the subject of the word to miss the time of ovulation of the woman, and in very frequent cases, it may not be possible to accumulate sufficient quantity and quality of sperm in the semen of the future father. . Here, when a natural pregnancy cannot be achieved despite having unprotected intercourse as often as specified here, the most suitable method of assisted reproduction treatment is selected by consulting a doctor. Mostly, after more prerequisite applications, such as ovulation treatment and vaccination applications, IVF treatment is started, where the probability of pregnancy is very high.
When in vitro fertilization treatment is decided as a result of detailed examinations and tests, the woman’s ovarian reserve is evaluated and, if necessary, it is ensured that she uses some medications that increase the number of eggs and facilitate ovulation. The eggs develop in this way and this development is checked and monitored at frequent intervals. The eggs removed from the woman in the laboratory environment are collected in growth devices and fluids that are the most similar to the conditions of the body and are kept here until fertilization. One day, a sperm sample from the father-to-be is also taken and prepared for fertilization. If the classic double formula of in vitro fertilization is to be applied, the sperm and the egg are taken to the environment and the sperm reaches the egg and fertilizes it, just as in natural pregnancy. However, if the microinjection technique is to be used, the best quality sperm selected by experts is injected into the egg through microcannulas.
As described above, the fertilized egg is brought into the uterine environment in special devices created in the most exemplary way. The development of the embryos formed in this state is also monitored daily. In this way, the best quality embryo is selected and transferred to the future mother’s uterus at the right time. Twelve days after the embryo transfer, a blood pregnancy test is performed to find out if the pregnancy has occurred or not.
When should I apply for IVF treatment?
Anyone who wants to get pregnant dreams of doing it in the first month of unprotected sex. But in reality the situation is not so much. The realization of pregnancy is possible with the positive course of each of many different factors. Namely; Assuming the spouse of a 30-year-old woman who ovulates healthily, sperm count and quality are at the desired level, and if she has unprotected intercourse, the average chance of getting pregnant each month is 20-25 % In addition, if the woman’s age is less than 35 years, this possibility decreases rapidly each year, even each month. In other words, as it is misunderstood in society, those who cannot get pregnant despite having unprotected sex a few times, may not be infertile.
To be eligible for an assisted reproduction treatment system, it is best to have had unprotected sexual interest with the necessary frequency and systematicity. In this context, generally valid expert opinion; It is in the way that women under 35 should not be able to get pregnant despite systematically having unprotected sex for a period of 1 year and those over 35 for a period of 6 months.
What is meant here is the regular link; It’s having unprotected sex not every day, not once a week, but every 2-3 days. Because receiving attention every day prevents the accumulation of good quality sperm in the man’s semen, while having sex rarely once a week reduces the chances of pregnancy. Because the valuable thing to achieve pregnancy is to be able to coincide with the woman’s ovulation period.
For all of the above, for a couple of reproductive age to think they cannot conceive naturally and suspect infertility, they must have regular, unprotected intercourse for at least 6 months. In case of failure, it is necessary to consult a doctor without spending much time. Because as time passes and age advances, a woman’s fertility capacity decreases rapidly.
Are infertility rates different for men and women?
There is an opinion that the female factor is more burdened in society in terms of infertility or inability to have a baby. However, according to scientific information, 40% of infertility is caused by men, 40% by women and 20% by both. In other words, the healthy progress of the pregnancy process depends on both the male factor and the female factor. However, there is the fact that as the woman’s age increases, the number of ova decreases, the reproductive capacity decreases rapidly, and the reproductive capacity of the male is more resistant to age and aging compared to males. the female.
Although the problem of infertility is caused by the woman, the man or both, pregnancy rates are quite high thanks to advances in IVF treatment. When pregnancy cannot be achieved naturally, the treatment process may have difficulties from time to time. However, these difficulties should not intimidate patients and should not put them under stress. Because with this formula, the high morale of the patient during the pregnancy process can increase the success of the treatment more than is thought.
First IVF in the world and in our country
The founder of modern IVF treatment is Bob Edwards, and Louise Brown, the first baby born as a result of the treatment, was born in England in 1978. Since 1971, when studies began, all applications related to IVF form the basis of the technique that is applied today, and the success rate is increased by adding innovations day by day. Although advances in in vitro fertilization continue apace in the world, our country has not been indifferent to studies on in vitro fertilization and has begun to implement progressive fertilization procedures. As a result of this, in 1989, the first IVF was delivered at the University of Ege. Today, not only patients from our country, but also couples from all over the world who want to have a baby are treated in our country. Because the centers and specialists of our country increase their success in achieving a healthy pregnancy and a live birth by successfully applying each innovation and development related to IVF treatment.